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📁 Strategy folder

📝 Summary

How it works

This strategy allows Hummingbot users to run a market making strategy on a single trading pair on a spot exchanges.

It places limit buy (bid) and limit sell (ask) orders on the order book at prices relative to the mid-price with spreads equal to bid_spread and ask_spread. Every order_refresh_time seconds, the strategy replaces existing orders with new orders with refreshed spreads and order amounts.

In addition, the strategy contains a number of parameters to enable traders to control how orders are placed relative to their inventory position, use prices from a different order book, etc.

đŸĻ Exchanges supported

spot exchanges

👷 Maintenance

  • Release added: 0.7.0 by CoinAlpha
  • Maintainer: CoinAlpha

🛠ī¸ Strategy configs

Config map

Parameter Type Default Prompt New? Prompt
exchange string True Enter your maker spot connector
market string True Enter the token trading pair you would like to trade on [exchange]
bid_spread decimal True How far away from the mid price do you want to place the first bid order?
ask_spread decimal True How far away from the mid price do you want to place the first ask order?
order_refresh_time float True How often do you want to cancel and replace bids and asks (in seconds)?
order_amount decimal True What is the amount of [base_asset] per order?
ping_pong_enabled bool False True Would you like to use the ping pong feature and alternate between buy and sell orders after fills?
order_levels int 1 False How many orders do you want to place on both sides?
order_level_amount decimal 0 False How much do you want to increase or decrease the order size for each additional order?
order_level_spread decimal 0 False Enter the price increments (as percentage) for subsequent orders?
filled_order_delay decimal 60 False How long do you want to wait before placing the next order if your order gets filled (in seconds)?
max_order_age float 1800 False How often do you want to cancel and replace bids and asks with the same price (in seconds)?
order_refresh_tolerance_pct decimal 0 False Enter the percent change in price needed to refresh orders at each cycle
inventory_skew_enabled bool False False Would you like to enable inventory skew?
inventory_target_base_pct decimal 50 False What is your target base asset percentage?
inventory_range_multiplier decimal 50 False What is your tolerable range of inventory around the target, expressed in multiples of your total order size?
hanging_orders_enabled bool False False Do you want to enable hanging orders?
hanging_orders_cancel_pct decimal 10 False At what spread percentage (from mid price) will hanging orders be canceled?
order_optimization_enabled bool False False Do you want to enable best bid ask jumping?
ask_order_optimization_depth decimal 0 False How deep do you want to go into the order book for calculating the top ask, ignoring dust orders on the top (expressed in base asset amount)?
bid_order_optimization_depth decimal 0 False How deep do you want to go into the order book for calculating the top bid, ignoring dust orders on the top (expressed in base asset amount)?
price_ceiling decimal -1 False Enter the price point above which only sell orders will be placed
price_floor decimal -1 False Enter the price below which only buy orders will be placed
price_source string current_market False Which price source to use? (current_market/external_market/custom_api)
price_type string mid_price False Which price type to use? (mid_price/last_price/last_own_trade_price/best_bid/best_ask/inventory_cost)
price_source_exchange string False Enter external price source exchange name
price_source_market string False Enter the token trading pair on [price_source_exchange]
price_source_custom_api string False Enter pricing API URL
custom_api_update_interval float 5 False Enter custom API update interval in second (default: 5.0, min: 0.5)
inventory_price decimal 1 False What is the price of your base asset inventory?
add_transaction_costs bool False False Do you want to add transaction costs automatically to order prices?
minimum_spread decimal -100 False At what minimum spread should the bot automatically cancel orders?
take_if_crossed bool False False Do you want to take the best order if orders cross the orderbook?
order_override bool None False

📓 Description

Trading logic

Approximation only

The description below is a general approximation of this strategy. Please inspect the strategy code in Trading Logic above to understand exactly how it works.


The built-in pure market making strategy in Hummingbot periodically requests limit order proposals from configurable order pricing and sizing plugins, and also periodically refreshes the orders by cancelling existing limit orders.

Here's a high level view of the logic flow inside the built-in pure market making strategy.

Figure 5: Pure market making strategy logical flowchart

The pure market making strategy operates in a tick-by-tick manner. Each tick is typically 1 second, although it can be programmatically modified to longer or shorter durations.

At each tick, the pure market making strategy would first query the order filter plugin whether to proceed or not. Assuming the answer is yes, then it'll query the order pricing and sizing plugins and calculate whether and what market making orders it should emit. At the same time, it'll also look at any existing limit orders it previously placed on the market and decide whether it should cancel those.

The process repeats over and over at each tick, causing limit orders to be periodically placed and cancelled according to the proposals made by the order pricing and sizing plugins.

Refreshing Orders

For each limit order that was emitted by the pure market making strategy, an expiry timestamp would be generated for that order and the order will be tracked by the strategy. The time until expiry for new orders is configured via the order_refresh_time parameter.

After an order's expiration time is reached, the pure market making strategy will create a cancel order proposal for that order.

Executing Order Proposals

After collecting all the order pricing, sizing and cancel order proposals from plugins and the internal refresh order logic - the pure market making strategy logic will merge all of the proposals and execute them.

Example Order Flow

Below is a hypothetical example of how the pure market making strategy works for a few clock ticks.

  • At clock tick t, there may be existing limit orders on both the bid and ask sides, and both have not yet expired. The proposed sizes for new orders will be 0, and there will be no cancel order proposals. So the strategy will do nothing for this clock tick.
  • At clock tick t+1, the limit bid order has expired. The strategy will then generate a cancel order proposal for the expired bid order. The cancellation will then be send to the exchange and executed.
  • At clock tick t+2, the strategy loops through its trading logic and notices there's no longer an order at the bid side. So it'll propose a non-zero order size for a new bid order. Let's assume the existing ask order hasn't expired yet, so no cancellation proposals will be generated at this clock tick. At the execution phase, the strategy will simply create a bid order calculated from the current market mid-price. Thus the bid order is refreshed.

This cycle of order creation and order cancellation will repeat again and again for as long as the strategy is running. If a limit order is completely filled by a market order, the strategy will simply refresh it at the next clock tick.

ℹī¸ More Resources

What is market making?: A blog post that explains the basics of market making.

How to set up a simple pure market making bot on Binance: Learn how to create pure market making bot on Binance exchange.

Trader Sharing: Pure Market Making with cgambit: Eagle Club member and top Hummingbot Miner earner cgambit shares his tips and insights on pure market making.

Pure Market Making (PMM) Strategy: Use Pure Market Making Strategy but set dynamic bid/ask orders based on TradingView indicators which trigger alerts to Telegram and change the bid/ask orders using inventory skew or spreads-adjusted.

Check out Hummingbot Academy for more resources related to this strategy and others!

Last update: 2022-04-29